Explain the phylum hemichordata of non chordates?

The hemichordates are also known as the half notochord organism. They were also considered a part of chordate. They were placed in chordates by Bateson. They are known as independent invertebrate by Hyman, Van der Horst, and Dawydoof. They are mainly marine and occur in burrows. Their body is soft and is divided into collar, trunk and proboscis. . They arise from the three germ layers such as ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm. They are known as triploblastic animals. They have an organ system level of organization. The digestive system is complete and has mouth and anus for ingestion and egestion. They have no asexual reproduction forms. They have the epidermis layer which is single layered and are also enterocoelous. They have an external mode of fertilization. The circulatory system is of open type and has no respiratory pigment and heart. It has heart vesicles and a couple of longitudinal vessels. These are dorsal as well as vertical. These are interconnected by the lateral vessels. Their blood is colorless. The process of excretion is performed by a single glomerulus. This is present in the proboscis. It also contains the gill slits which are the small openings in the pharynx. They occur in the large numbers. They are dorsal in the position. However, in chordates they are in lateral position. They have a primitive nervous system. It consists of intra epidermal nerve plexus. There are cells in the epidermis which acts as sense organs. They reproduce sexually. They may or may not show sexual dimorphism. They have the gonads whose number varies from one to multiple. The development is mainly indirect with the formation of larva. It has a free swimming larva known as tornaria larva.

Category: Non Chordate

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