What are the altitudinal biomes of ecosystem?

The terrestrial biomes are divided mainly on the basis of climate. They can be tundra, taiga or temperate type. The tropical rain forest is also included under it. These occur on the high mountains in the tropical areas. They occur on the Himalayas and Andes. The latitudinal biomes are telescoped into these biomes. The altitudinal biomes extend 100 meters in height from the base. The base is referred as a terai region in India. They extend just below the snow line. They have tropical rain forests. They are followed by the temperate, deciduous and tundra forests. The high mountains in the warm area have no tropical rain forests. They have temperate deciduous forests. The low altitude mountains have no snow caps. They do not have tundra vegetation. So, the number of biomes found on the mountains depends upon the altitude, latitude and their height. The forests which resemble a taiga occur in the temperate areas of hills. In India they are of mixed type which possesses conifers and broad leaves. The highest altitudinal biome is of the alpine tundra. It occurs at the top of high mountains in which the snow is always present. It includes the Himalayas. This area does not have any trees. It is present above the timber line. The trees become small shrubs in these areas. The other living beings present in this area are lichen, mosses, grasses, herbs and the small shrubs. The plants are present in the protected area and have a cushion habit. The animals present in this area are goat, yak, wolves, snow bear, rabbit and few birds. This area is sloppier and is well drained as compared to the other areas. It has a little peat and more flowering plants with the presence of small trees.

Category: Ecosystem

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